VOC and HAP emissions pollute the atmosphere and the air we breathe. Governmental agencies have mandated the control of these emissions. They can be controlled by destruction (incineration) or by recovery.
PETROGAS offers systems for the recovery of emissions using absorption, refrigeration, or adsorption.
PETROGAS designs and manufacturers Vapor Recovery Systems using ALL technologies and is, therefore, impartial. PETROGAS considers ALL inputs to correctly match technology with application.
PETROGAS is a pioneer in vapor recovery. We are the oldest company in the field and the only one to offer every type of technology.
The technology used for Vapor Recovery is usually one of the following:
In order to choose the correct type of Vapor Recovery System, you must look at the composition of the vapors, the concentration of the vapors, the flow rate of the vapors, and the ambient conditions of where the unit will be located.
Condensation of vapors is accomplished by lowering the temperature of the vapors. The temperature may be lowered using one or a combination of the following:
Reusing the vaporized nitrogen previously used for condensation of the VOCs may offer an economic alternative.
Mechanical refrigeration, using a cascade refrigeration system, is an expensive but operationally feasible alternative. However, each stage is dependent upon the proper operation of the prior stage, and it is very difficult to maintain an operational system at the specified temperature.
This system is best suited for the recovery of chemical vapors and organic vapors that have condensing temperatures higher than -60 F.
Adsorption relies on the capillary action of the many micro-pore spaces, or little tunnels, to capture the VOC molecules. Once these pores are full, the VOCs are no longer captured, and the carbon or molecular sieve must be regenerated. The higher the concentrations of VOCs, the faster the pores fill. Gasoline-type vapors emitted during loading are very high concentrations. They fill the pore spaces very quickly and require very large carbon beds or a molecular sieve and rapid regeneration. Each time the beds are regenerated, some of the VOCs remain in the pore spaces, and the capacity of the carbon or molecular sieve to capture the VOCs is reduced. The carbon beds must therefore be replaced very often and at a very high cost. A small system is $50,000. A large system is $800,000.
Adsorption is most commonly applied to diluted mixtures of VOCs and air (i.e. paint booths, solvent cleaning) and has a maximum practical inlet concentration of 10,000 ppmv (<1%).
VOC recovery in a Refrigerated Lean Oil Absorption system consists of a vapor/air mixture that enters the bottom of a packed tower, counter-flows upward, and impinges on absorbent, wetted packing. A chilled absorbent fluid enters the top of the tower and begins a downward flow that wets the packing. The air exits the top of the tower and is stripped of the hydrocarbon vapors. The vapors, captured by the absorbent fluid, exit the bottom of the tower.
This system is used for recovery of VOCs from low pressure, variable throughput and variable concentration, high humidity, and high temperature streams.
Best choice for the recovery of hydrocarbons.
The BEST AVAILABLE CONTROL TECHNOLOGY for the recovery of hydrocarbon vapors at storage and loading terminals is the Refrigerated Lean Oil Absorption system.
1. High recovery efficiency - 99%
2. Low levels of emission - 0.003 # / 1000 gal. displaced.
3. Reliability - two years with a mean time between repairs of three months, and ZERO truck rack down time due to vapor recovery system malfunction.
4. Vapors recovered as liquids have yielded 0.1- 1.0% of the volume of gasoline loaded, depending on many variables (i.e. temperature, vapor pressure, etc.). The recovered liquids, a high-octane gasoline, are returned to premium gasoline storage, currently valued at $2.50/gal. The system consumes only $1.45/day in electricity per 1,000 cu. ft. of throughput capacity and has no other operating costs.
5. Produces more recovered liquids than any system.
6. No hydrocarbons are trapped in the system.
7. The PETROGAS system is fully automatic and operates safely unattended.
8. The system has no waste products.